Disaster impacts and resillence
Living and accumulating assets in high risks areas such as on the river banks, coastal frontiers, steep-slope hilly terrains generally cause people to experience different types of disasters. Disasters are also resulted from the less capacity of people (vulnerability) to cope with hazards. The systematic review of vulnerability, exposure and hazards may provide deep insights on how disasters happen differently in different physical, social, economic contexts. The South Asian region is one of the major disaster impact zones of the world and at the same time countries are rich in managing disasters. Science Connect considers critical understanding of the risk environment is important to better manage the current and upcoming disasters and also put high value to the need of regional experience sharing (i.e. by promoting South-South dialogue) in this regard. Bangladesh has huge experience to share in this connection. The country has achieved a commendable success in Disaster Risk Management (DRM). This success can be realized based on a number of accomplishments happened at national levels. The major thematic areas of success are (i) effective policy formulation at central/national level (i.e. SOD 2019, NPDM 2020-2025, DM Act 2012), (ii) building and reforming institutions (e.g. creation of MoDMR from MoFDM, establishment of DDM from DMB), (iii) recourse of resources for disaster risk reduction (e.g. providing food and monetary support through a series of Social Safety Net Programs etc.), (iv) development of early warning mechanisms, especially for floods and cyclones, (v) investing on infrastructure development towards disaster risk mitigation (e.g. building of embankments, cyclone and flood shelters). The experts of Science Connect have been engaged in reviewing these achievements including the aspects such as disaster risk assessment tools like CRA/RRAP, examine the disaster response activities during the occurrence of disasters, and disaster recovery activities in post disaster conditions.
Science Connect pays big attention on the science of climate change, the impact conditions and adaptation and mitigation activities. The organization believes that climate change induced impacts are complicated in nature, cumulative in formation and thus difficult in interpretation. In common practice, the impact conditions are expressed in sector specific, disconnected fashion and thus creating obstacles to understand the problems in totality. It happens due to the fact that climate change is a slow-progressive phenomenon and bring subtle changes in the interacting (and cascading) systems which is sometimes difficult to notice until it creates big disturbances on general systems. The impacts are seen when cumulative impacts cross threshold levels and cause disruption in various systems (fluvial, hydro-meteorological, climatic, socio-economic) and make people and their environment vulnerable in many ways. This incomplete and sometimes misreading of climate change has consequences in developing appropriate impact reduction policies by agencies in concern to address the challenges and finally resulted in vulnerability of people to continue towards uncertainty. Based on the experience of experts on climate change, Science Connect offers a range of services to the clients – these include (i) undertaking high quality research on different dimensions of climate change, (ii) implementation of field level programs on mitigation (e.g. large scale tree planation, providing technical services for establishing solar photovoltaic units) and adaptation, (iii) develop carbon neutral strategies for agencies (e.g. calculating carbon foot-prints, develop time-target and step-by-step strategies towards green operation, develop climate concerned narratives for organizations based on reviewing the activities the agencies perform etc. which they could use for outreach and communications).